The treatment for anxiety consists of both medication and psychotherapy. It is not possible to treat anxiety with drugs. However, drugs can be used in managing the symptoms associated with this condition thus enabling you to fell better and function well. There are different of medications which are used in treating anxiety. Mental health professionals or medical doctors can help you in finding the best treatment for the anxiety disorder affecting you. You are advised to follow the doctor’s instructions when you are taking anxiety medications. Again you should inform the doctor about any side effects which you might experience when using the drugs.
These are some of the top drugs used in treating anxiety disorder
These are sedatives which help in keeping the muscles relaxed as well as calming your mind. These drugs are effective in increasing the effects associated with certain neurotransmitter. Neurotransmitters are involved in relaying messages within the brain cells. Benzodiazepines are used in treating different types of anxiety disorders such as generalizes anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder and panic disorder.
Examples of benzodiazepines are diazepam, clonazepam, alprazolam, lorazepam, and chlordiazepoxide. These drugs are mainly used as short-term treatment for anxiety. However, the doctor might prescribe them for one year to individuals having a panic disorder.
These are drugs used for treating both chronic anxiety disorders and short –term anxiety. They work by affecting the chemicals found in the brain which is responsible for regulating mood. These drugs can take several weeks before they become fully effective. Some of the side effects associated with these drugs are nausea and headaches.
Antidepressants are effective in affective the neurotransmitters. They are used in treating the symptoms associated with anxiety. Below are some of the effective antidepressants
These are inhibitors which work by increasing or raising the level of serotonin, which is a neurotransmitter which affects the sexual desire, sleep, appetite, memory, and mood. Some of the SSRs used in treating anxiety include sertraline, fluoxetine, escitalopram, and paroxetine. These drugs have some side effects which include drowsiness, diarrhea, sexual dysfunction, dry mouth, nausea, muscle weakness, and dry mouth.
Tricyclics Have the same properties as SSRIs. They are used for treating the most common types of anxiety disorders apart from the obsessive-compulsive disorder. These are among the older drugs which were used in treating anxiety a few decades ago. They have been replaced with the newer drugs which have fewer side effects as compared to them. Some of the side effects associated with them include blurred vision, dry mouth, lack of energy, vomiting, constipation and nausea.